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ASPECTS OF GLOBAL MULTIPOLARITY

Vol. 22 No. 2, Summer (April-June) 2018
MULTICULTURALISM AND SECULARISM IN A GLOBALISED WORLD: SOME QUESTIONS

P Krishna Mohan Reddy observes how multiculturalism and secularism function in some select countries around the world. By looking into the very notions of the two terms, perceived differently in the West and the East, he attempts to define an acceptable and flexible model that may be applicable to all parts of the world.

Author: P Krishna Mohan Reddy
REVISITING NEHRU: THE POLITICS OF NONALIGNMENT AND SECULARISM

Javid Ahmad Ahanger focuses attention on Jawaharlal Nehru the political actor and identifies the challenges he faced and the impact he had on policies that were formulated and implemented under his leadership. With this backdrop, he examines two important policy choices made by Nehru—the secular state and the nonaligned foreign policy.

Author: Javid Ahmad Ahanger
THEOLOGY, TERROR AND POLITICS IN EGYPT: INTERPLAY IN THE TRIANGLE

Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi highlights the menace posed by the Salafist movement to moderate mainstream Islam in Egypt. Although the Egyptian state is waging a campaign to purge the country of extremist literature and preachers, its success is doubtful due to the resilience and ferocity of the Salafist fighters and the unpopularity of the armed repression among the poorer sections of the population.

Author: Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi
HEROISM, TERRORISM AND SOCIAL VIOLENCE: NOTES IN POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY

Akop P Nazaretyan shows that a regress in human intelligence coupled with accelerating technological development is fraught with fatal effects for global civilisation. Independent calculations made by scientists in Australia, Russia and the US show that the current century is expected to be crucial not only for human history but for planetary evolution as well. This puts a special responsibility on present-day generations.

Author: Akop P Nazaretyan
REFORM OF THE BANKING MONETARY SYSTEM: THE SWISS PROPOSAL

Philippe Bourcier de Carbon and Christian Gomez aim to provide a general understanding of the proposed Swiss banking system reform labelled monnaie pleine, its basis and the discussion it has aroused so that readers may form their own opinion. The Swiss initiative could help market economies worldwide break out of the trap of current monetary creation policies by commercial bankers and at last durably cure major vices and flaws of the international financial system.

Author: Philippe Bourcier de Carbon and Christian Gomez
ETHANOL PRODUCTION AND TRADE: THE POSITIONS OF BRAZIL AND THE US

Suhasini Yadav explains how Brazil and the US have managed their relations on the issue of ethanol production and trade. She analyses the different methods used for the production of ethanol and the environmental and social consequences. She also examines American trade and tariff barriers and their impact on Brazilian ethanol as well as on global biofuel prices.

Author: Suhasini Yadav
RUSSIA’S OCEANIC REACH

Jean Baptiste Betton details Russia’s maritime history and states that the country today under the leadership of Vladimir Putin is once again a formidable power on the oceans. It is turning its arctic exclusive economic zone into a major source of natural gas and an artery for trade between Europe and East Asia.

Author: Jean Baptiste Betton
RUSSIA AS A FACTOR IN INDIA–CHINA RELATIONS

The shift from bipolarity to unipolarity and then multipolarity has been a defining feature of the post-Cold War period. The new phenomenon of multipolarity has acted as both a mitigator and instigator, challenging the traditional concepts of bilateral cooperation and hostility. The relationships between India, Russia and China mark an interesting overlap of contours. Zeeshan Munir and Raju Keshari focus on Russia’s influence on the bilateral relationship between India and China.

Author: Zeeshan Munir and Raju Keshari
CHINA’S PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF SOUTH SUDAN

Mamata Kumari reviews China’s position on United Nations peacekeeping operations with a case study of South Sudan. Oil and strategic interests are the main driving forces behind Beijing’s increasing participation. She also explains the role of China’s first combat battalion in South Sudan as well as the challenges and uncertainties it faces.

Author: Mamata Kumari
THE ASIA–AFRICA GROWTH CORRIDOR: TOWARDS INDO–JAPANESE DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION IN AFRICA

Ruchita Beri analyses the relations that India and Japan have with Africa, especially within the framework of the AAGC and points out that their development cooperation is in line with Agenda 2063, which aims to accelerate the continent’s economic growth. Capitalising on the existing synergy, New Delhi and Tokyo should jointly follow a demand-driven approach and focus on developing human resources and capacity building.

Author: Ruchita Beri
HOME AWAY FROM HOME: THE CHANGING FACE OF INDIAN WOMEN IN ZAMBIA SINCE 1911

After providing the background for the Indian presence in East Africa, Kamini Krishna details the history of Indian women in Zambia, who initially worked behind the curtain and supported their men folk, especially in promoting their businesses. In changing times, a few women participated in social causes and supported charity work as well. The present situation is quite different as over the years, the role of Indian women has changed significantly and they are now active in various fields, including the economic sector in their new home Zambia.

Author: Kamini Krishna