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ASPECTS OF THE CURRENT WORLD CRISIS AND THE QUEST FOR SOLUTIONS

Vol. 22 No. 4, Winter (October-December) 2018
ECONOMIC LAWS AND THE DYNAMICS OF THE ECONOMIC SYSTEM

After briefly surveying the history of the discipline of economics Nicolas Laos highlights the attempts of successive practitioners of the science to define laws of human behaviour and market processes. He then points out the weaknesses and fallacies of some socioeconomic laws and as a corrective formulates a theory of sustainable creativity.

Author: Nicolas Laos
MEGAREGIONALS IN THE WORLD TRADING SYSTEM THE END OF THE ROAD FOR THE WTO?

Krishnakumar S deals with the political economy of megaregionals from the angle of the conflict between Doha issues and twenty-first century issues. He also explores the possibility of a reconciliation of these issues invoking the very clause of special and differential treatment rejected by developed economies.

Author: Krishnakumar S
THE BRAZILIAN DILEMMA IN BRICS: FACING THE CURRENT POLITICAL CRISIS

Marcos Costa Lima, Joyce Helena Ferreira Da Silva and Eduardo Oliveira analyse Brazil’s place in BRICS today, considering the drastic change of political direction effected by the government that rose to power after the coup d’état which deposed the legitimately elected administration of President Dilma Rousseff and the subsequent election to the presidency of Jair Bolsonaro.

Author: Marcos Costa Lima, Joyce Helena Ferreira Da Silva and Eduardo Oliveira
THE NEW HYDRO-POLITICAL SITUATION IN AFRICA: CHALLENGES FOR NILE RIVER BASIN COUNTRIES

Managing and sharing the water of the river Nile in an equitable manner is a complex matter, especially with respect to the existing power balance in the region. Intikhab Ahmad deals with the major geopolitical issues and the new counter-hydro-strategies involved in water sharing throughout the Nile basin. He also highlights the challenges for riparian states in the years to come.

Author: Intikhab Ahmad
THE TWO KOREAS: MOVES TOWARDS RECONCILIATION

Sudhanshu Tripathi avers that both Pyongyang and Seoul seem to have realised the futility of their continuing hostility. They appear to be coming together with a view to establishing peace, raising the prospects of a possible lasting solution for the divided peninsula. For this however, there must also be a decline in the interference and infl uence of external powers in pursuit of their own vested interests.

Author: Sudhanshu Tripathi
THE PROSPECTS OF INDIA’S ENERGY SECURITY: PIPELINE PROJECTS

India has ancient bonds with the landlocked countries of Central Asia but no direct lines of communication because of Pakistan’s traditional hostility and Afghanistan’s chronic instability. However, the energy rich former Soviet “stans” could cater to much of India’s growing energy demand. Muzammil Ahad Dar and Rameez Raja Mir analyse various pipeline and other projects that could decrease transport costs and boost trade in the region.

Author: Muzammil Ahad Dar and Rameez Raja Mir
INTERNATIONAL AND INSTITUTIONAL COOPERATION IN FOOD AND AGRICULTURE: A CHRONICLE OF THE ANCIENT AND MODERN WORLDS

Lalitha Akundi traces and chronicles the history of food and agriculture in the ancient and modern worlds until the creation of the first intergovernmental organisation—the International Institute of Agriculture—that has remained a prototype of international cooperation.

Author: Lalitha Akundi
FOOD SECURITY: A DRIVE TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY AND ZERO HUNGER

Manvi Hindwan shows how innovations in biotechnology and their impact on international relations could create new channels for the elimination of deprivation, hunger and poverty across the globe. This would help build new relationships and bridge the distance between the North and South.

Author: Manvi Hindwan
A GIANT LEAP BACKWARDS: IS THE ZERO HUNGER GOAL ACHIEVABLE ?

While reviewing the literature on famines, Malancha Chakrabarty states that the work of scholars who criticise the assessment of famines as sudden collapses into mass starvation and stress underlying vulnerabilities is important because some countries are prone to recurrent droughts and resulting crop failures as well as international policies of denying food to civilian populations.

Author: Malancha Chakrabarty
CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND CROP PRODUCTION: THE IMPACT OF GREEN MANURE AND SOIL AMENDMENT

The soils of India are severely depleted of their organic carbon stocks and enhancing and maintaining the concentration above the critical threshold is essential for improving soil quality. According to Rameti Jangir, Lokesh Kumar Saini and Diksha Tajane the identification and adoption of recommended management practices such as the use of green manures and organic amendments are important for carbon sequestration to conserve and sustain soil productivity.

Author: Rameti Jangir, Lokesh Kumar Saini and Diksha Tajane