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SECURITY, ECONOMICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Vol. 21 No. 4, WINTER (OCTOBER-DECEMBER) 2017
NUCLEAR DETERRENCE: THEORY, PRACTICE AND CHANGING CONTOURS

Attar Rabbani examines nuclear deterrence in theory as well as in practice during and after the end of the Cold War. His central argument is that technological revolutions pose a serious challenge to the survivability of retaliatory arsenals—the heart of nuclear deterrence—and propel a new arms race among nuclear elites, both recognised and self-declared.

Author: Attar Rabbani
THE SECURITISATION OF THE CLIMATE CHANGE ISSUE: A MULTISECTORAL APPROACH TO SECURITY

Anjan Kumar Sahu analyses the theory of securitisation and delineates the transformation of security from a monosectoral to a multisectoral concern. He also links the theory of securitisation with the climate change discourse in India and explicates the climate change linkage with economic and military security.

Author: Anjan Kumar Sahu
MONETARY POLICY AND THE CURRENT PHASE OF THE ECONOMIC CRISIS

Mikhail Khazin and Dmitry K Komarov propose a model to explain the declining effi ciency of monetary policy and question the general assumption that large-scale credit stimulates economic development, since indebtedness in due course cyclically brings about negative growth rates. Hence, providing new credit to an over-indebted economy will not bring about lasting new growth but rather will eventually result in a major depression.

Author: Mikhail Khazin and Dmitry K Komarov
BRICS AND THE EUROPEAN UNION: A NEEDED ALLIANCE

Noting that the European Union has so far chosen to neglect or even ignore the BRICS association, Paolo Raimondi proposes a policy of cooperation between the EU and BRICS. Detailing massive infrastructural projects promoted by the BRICS on all continents, he advocates European institutional involvement, with special regard for proposals to reform the global fi nancial system.

Author: Paolo Raimondi
THE SPACE FOR INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND LOCALCOMMUNITIES: PARTICIPATION IN POLICYMAKING AND BENEFIT SHARING NEGOTIATIONS

Hasrat Arjjumend, Konstantia Koutouki, Sabiha Alam and Timo Koivurova explore the views of indigenous and local communities’ (ILC) participant representatives in various international fora concerning the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol. They also analyse the implications of the data collected in the context of the protocol’s capacity to address issues concerning ILCs’ involvement, participation and engagement in international legal frameworks that currently guide

pertinent national domestic laws, policies, administrative measures, procedures and guidelines.

Author: Hasrat Arjjumend, Konstantia Koutouki, Sabiha Alam and Timo Koivurova
COLLECTIVE COUNTER-TERRORISM EFFORTS: TO DEFEAT A NETWORK, ONE NEEDS A NETWORK

Sagar Suri takes stock of the worldwide terrorist menace and its continuous evolution in the wake of technological advances. He highlights initiatives to combat nuclear terrorism and interstate strategies and reviews India’s policies in the Indian Ocean Region. He concludes by emphasising the need for a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary preventive campaign to discredit terrorist activities, going well beyond military operations.

Author: Sagar Suri
THE DÉJÀ-VU OF FOOD SECURITY AND THE RIGHT TO FOOD IN INDIA: DEVELOPMENT IN THEORY AND PRACTICE

Adnan Shakeel discusses the importance of the concept of food security at both the international and national levels. He also deals with food security and the right to food with respect to a sense of déjà vu in India. That is, even after becoming self-sufficient in food and with a strong foundation of the right to food, a number of people are still food insecure.

Author: Adnan Shakeel
THE 26/11 MUMBAI TERROR ATTACKS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF INDIAN AND PAKISTANI PRINT MEDIAApra Vaidya

In the Mumbai terror attack of November 2008, for the first time extremists belonging to a Pakistan-based terror outfit engaged in active combat on Indian soil for more than 60 hours after navigating entry through the sea route using modern electronic gadgets. Apra Vaidya makes a comparative analysis of the subsequent media coverage in both India and Pakistan.

Author: Apra Vaidya
INDIA–PAKISTAN RELATIONS: A SOCIOPOLITICAL PERSPECTIVE

The bitter sectarian violence during partition in 1947 and the subsequent Kashmir conflict set the stage for unending hostility between secular India and theocratic Pakistan. Pankaj Dodh provides a sociological and political understanding of the enduring enmity between the two South Asian nuclear powers.

Author: Pankaj Dodh
THE NARENDRA MODI GOVERNMENT’S POLICY TOWARDS PAKISTAN : COOPERATIVE AND TOUGH BILATERAL DIPLOMACY

S Y Surendra Kumar examines three years of the Narendra Modi government’s policy towards Pakistan and its implications for the relationship. He also suggests possible measures for the administration to adopt for strengthening bilateral ties and ensuring peace in the South Asian region.

Author: S Y Surendra Kumar
THE EU’S RESPONSE TO THE INDIA–US CIVIL NUCLEAR AGREEMENT

Ganesh Naika explains the overall EU response to the Indo–US Civil Nuclear Agreement by analysing the reactions of its High Representative of the Common Foreign and Security Policy and of the Presidency of the Council. He also outlines the responses of individual member states and spells out the reasons for their divergent opinions of the agreement.

Author: Ganesh Naika
WEAVING THE MISSING LINKS IN INDIA–MYANMAR RELATIONS

Sonu Trivedi examines the evolution of India–Myanmar relations since independence, the uneasiness that surfaced between the two countries after the military takeover in 1962 and the ups and downs over the years until the recent establishment of a quasi-civilian regime. She argues for

bridging the critical gaps and weaving the missing links for building a sustainable partnership between the two countries.

Author: Sonu Trivedi