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INDIA’S PLACE IN A CHANGING WORLD

Vol. 23 No. 2, Summer (April-June) 2019
THE EVOLUTION OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JURISPRUDENCE

Justice based on the rule of law is intended to ensure peace and stability. Its achievement however poses a major challenge in a world made up of sovereign states committed to the pursuit of their national interests. Sapam Dilipkumar notes that the two world wars brought major transformations to the notion of international law. The various international tribunals set up to try and punish war crimes and crimes deemed to be against humanity, such as genocides, have however sometimes failed the test of impartiality due to the questionable definitions of the charges that they were mandated to investigate.

Author: Sapam Dilipkumar
TRUMP’S POLICY TOWARDS IRAN: A DEAL UNDONE

Relations between the US and Iran have evolved through many phases including engagement, a “twin pillar” strategy in the region, isolation and containment. Barack Obama’s “olive branch” politics and policy of engagement led to the signing of the Iran deal. This however has been undone by the Donald Trump administration. Kimberley Anne Nazareth attempts to understand the politics surrounding Trump’s policy towards Iran.

Author: Kimberley Anne Nazareth
LESSONS FROM ENTEBBE AND KANDAHAR: LEADERSHIP AND STRATEGIC CAPABILITY

The hostage release operations at Entebbe, Uganda in 1976 and Kandahar, Afghanistan in 1999 are studies in contrast in terms of the classic phases of hostage crises and responses of state actors. S Krishnan explores the crucial aspects of the two crises and looks for object lessons from the Israeli and Indian experiences, which evince deep differences in philosophy and capability between the two states.

Author: S Krishnan
THE “NUCLEAR CONFRONTATION” IN SOUTH ASIA

Andrey G Volodin and Vinay Shukla examine and evaluate the main stages in the development of the nuclear programmes of India and Pakistan and analyse their impact on the geopolitical situation in the region. They also draw attention to the presence of the “China factor” and highlight the need for the creation of a system of collective security on the Asian continent.

Author: Andrey G Volodin and Vinay Shukla
THE NUCLEAR CONUNDRUM BETWEEN INDIA AND PAKISTAN

Security experts argue that the nuclear arms competition in South Asia is a classic case of the security dilemma. Mohd Lateef Mir gives theoretical explanations for the unabating arms race between India and Pakistan and assesses the various implications of missile development between the two neighbours in the South Asian security context.

Author: Mohd Lateef Mir
THE CHRONIC CONFLICT OVER KASHMIR

The use of violence by both state and non-state actors is the greatest obstacle to a solution enabling the restoration of peace in Kashmir. Javid Ahmad Ahanger analyses the causes of turbulence in an attempt to understand the renewed violence and the growing radical militant movement. He also studies possible steps towards the restoration of peace and security in the Kashmir valley in particular and in South Asia in general.

Author: Javid Ahmad Ahanger
INDIA’S BALOCHISTAN TACTIC: HAS IT SHATTERED PAKISTAN’S KASHMIR DREAM?

Anti-India violence in Kashmir has been keenly supported and instigated by the ISI and its terrorist proxies. In response to terror attacks, New Delhi retaliated through military surgical land and air strikes to punish the perpetrators. According to Prasanta Sahoo, India’s retaliatory strategy, which includes supporting the Baloch separatist movement has been a combination of hard and soft power, sending a strong message to the Pakistani establishment and military.

Author: Prasanta Sahoo
THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF WATER:: WILL ASIA SEE A WATER WAR IN THE FUTURE ?

Krithika Subramanian examines China’s transboundary water policies, its relations with India, Kazakhstan and the countries forming the Mekong River basin as well as future policy implications to assess the possibility of a water war in the area encompassing Cambodia, China, India, Kazakhstan, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.

Author: Krithika Subramanian
THE ENERGY FACTOR IN INDIA’S CENTRAL ASIA POLICY

Ramakrushna Pradhan focuses on India’s initiatives and plans to achieve energy security through equity oil and gas and reviews the strategic Central Asian option for supplying a large part of India’s needs in fossil fuels. He also points out that New Delhi’s foreign policy has evolved over the years, placing the energy concern at the top of its list of priorities.

Author: Ramakrushna Pradhan
THE INDIAN TELECOM SECTOR: FOCUS OVER THE NEXT DECADE

Sagar Suri provides a brief background history of telecommunication in India before assessing the country’s position with regard to data management as 5G technology is being rolled out worldwide. India wishes to achieve sovereignty in the area of telecom while remaining open to competition between global firms in the sector. In 2018, the government crafted a national digital telecommunications policy that includes a “Propel India” mission to that effect. This paper also spells out potential benefits of 5G to the economy and its ability to modernise the country but signals the imperative to make it responsive to the needs of the poor and rural sections of the population.

Author: Sagar Suri
CYBER SECURITY IN THE NATIONAL SECURITY DISCOURSE: A STUDY OF INDIA’S CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE AND SMART CITIES

From an Indian perspective, Sushma Devi highlights the primacy of cyber protection in the contemporary debate about defence and security. She also analyses its role in India’s national security planning with a special focus on critical infrastructure and smart cities which are vulnerable to hacking and sabotage as some recent cases demonstrate from around the world. No country has achieved immunity from cyber-crime and the growing dependency on information technology, cyber-electronics and the internet only raises the risk level.

Author: Sushma Devi